The M.D. of Foothills No. 31 is located in Southern Alberta and is adjacent to the southern boundary of the City of Calgary. The City of Edmonton is approximately four hours to the north and the City of Lethbridge is approximately one and a half hours to the south. The U.S.A. border is approximately two hours south from the M.D. of Foothills No. 31, on the North/South Trade Corridor and the Calgary International Airport is approximately one hour to the North.
Latitude: North 50' 55' N, South 50' 19' N
Longitude: East 113' 30'E, West 114' 31'E
Time Zone: Mountain Standard Time
In 2011, Foothills No. 31 (Municipal district) had a population of 21,258, representing a percentage change of 7.7% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.
The mountains cause the climate in Southern Alberta to be rather dry, though the foothills receive the most rainfall. Summers are pleasantly mild, with an average daily July temperature range from 10 to 23 degrees C (49 to 74 degrees F). Winters are long and cold, with an average daily January temperature range from -16 to -4 degrees C (4 to 26 degrees F), but are relieved by frequent warm winds called chinooks. Warm, dry "chinook" winds are produced when air funnels through the Rockies. Some warmer air enters Alberta from the south, or from the west, making temperatures in southern Alberta as much as 10 to 15 degrees C higher than in the north.
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Number of active business licenses issued in 2012 (year end 2012) is 873. Of this amount there were 681 home based businesses in the M.D. of Foothills (78% of all business licenses).